health care

Guidelines for the case study



During the year you will be given a case study of a disease from one of the specialisms you will have encountered. The purpose of this assessment is to allow you to do some independent research into the role of ‘pathology’ in the diagnosis of disease. For your given disease you will be expected to find out the cause or ‘aetiology’ of the disease and then find out what tests each of the disciplines contribute towards a diagnosis. This mirrors the multi-disciplinary approach that pathology departments take towards establishing a full diagnosis. You should describe the results expected for a diseased state and contrast them with results from a non-diseased state and include reference ranges where appropriate. You must also describe a diagnostic pathway and include further testing and investigation.






Guidelines on Essay Writing


The essay will be given at the start of the year but should not be attempted until all of the lectures and practicals are complete. The topic will be one that encompasses the organisation and management of all of the pathology disciplines and this multi-disciplinary approach should be the one that you take.


Organisation of thoughts and communication


Effective communication in science is crucial.  Scientist use theories to design experiments, and to communicate their findings to other scientists.  This communication must be as clear, concise, and unambiguous as possible, both as written work and oral presentations for others who may want to repeat their work/who are interested in related areas.



The keys to good scientific writing are:


Clarityeasy to understand

Concisenessshort, without repetition – no rambling

Coherencelogical flow or order




Ambiguitymore than one meaning

Redundancyunnecessary words or phrases



It requires:




Understanding of what is required – underline key words

Collecting information from various sources

Organising information into an order

Re-reading essay, review and rewriting if necessary


Essays should:


1. Have distinct but inter-linked phases: an introduction, objectives, conclusion(s).

2. Have references (if used) which should be cited in the text and full details given in the bibliography.

3. Avoid jargon, and information that is irrelevant to the title.

4. Focus on the point, and have a balanced view of the subject.



Structure of the Essay




Define/explain the subject and present the aims of the essay. This can be in the first paragraph.


Main Body


• Main content in logical order

• Series of linked discussions to fulfil aims set in introduction

• Avoid lists

• Demonstrate original thought and significant insight into basic principles of subject for max marks.

• Use diagrams and/or images to enhance the essay.

• Pay attention to detail – i.e. the appearance of the essay.  Re-read it, check for errors, appearance i.e. overuse of font and style changes.




Try and pull all the threads together in a concluding paragraph(s). Reiterate the aims of the essay and demonstrate how they were addressed in the main body. 



References in the text should be cited as follows: two authors, Smith & Jones (1996) or (Smith & Jones, 1996); three or more authors, Smith et al. (1996) or (Smith et al., 1996). References to papers by the same author(s) in the same year should be distinguished in the text and the reference list by the letters a, b, etc. (e.g. 1996a or 1996a, b).


Click here to request for this assignment help

Open chat