qualitative research in : parents’ attitude in terms of delaying vaccinating their children before school in Saudi Arabia

Assignment Description: Part I. Write a memo describing your own research question. Develop a plan

for conducting the study: gaining access, sampling plan, interview guide, ethical consideration,

transcription and analysis and suggested literature review

: Part II. Conduct study interview, analyze the data, note interesting findings

and make recommendations. Include what went wrong. (Include your research memos from this

stage of the project)

Please when you start to write this paper, do part II and for each section that you covered put the

header for it such as Memo 1, 2 and so on till you cover each thing instead of doing two separate

paper. If you do not get this and you need any further explanation, let me know please.

Overview: Research memos in qualitative research are notes to yourself.* A research memo is one way

to track your thinking, your musings, your hypotheses, your questions and your plans. Further, notes

about ideas from the literature which inform or don’t inform your research may be addressed.

Remember that you are doing one interview; however the assignment requires that you think through

the process as if you were conducting a research project. Therefore the following are guidelines to

follow to ensure successful completion of your project.


• Title

Develop a working title for your interview project. The title may change as you delve into your

interview project. The title should get to the core of the project.

The memo should include how you came to the decision for the project. This is the place to explore

your subjective and objective reasons for selecting the title. You may add to this section as you

progress through the project as you might gain some insights as to your interest/motives.

Memo One

• Introduction

One sentence describing your research intention

• Make sure that your project is realistic? Doable?

• The sentence can be used in your proposal as you discuss your plans

• Indicate type of study (e.g., research approach)

Memo Two should give the rationale/reasons for the selected approach. What are the limitations or

merit of the research approach that you selected?

• Conceptual Framework

Two Issues

1) Relationship of study to your experiences and knowledge (Why bother question)

2) Relationship of study to prior theory and research (literature) a) Technical Literature includes

research studies, theoretical or

Philosophical papers from professional and or discipline focused

b) Biographies, diaries, documents, manuscripts, records and other


Memo Three

should address your relationship to your own experience and to the literature

• Ethical Issues

1) Considerations

Memo Four should address any ethical concerns regarding your project

• Trustworthiness (Strategies beyond scope of assignment. Information only)

Think about your data that you will collect in terms of threats.

Memo Five

1) Strategies to ensure trustworthiness

a) Credibility

b) Transferability

c) Dependability

d) Confirmability

2) Questions

a) What do you Notice?

b) Why do you Notice what you Notice?

c) How can you interpret what you Notice?

IV. Develop Draft of Interview Schedule

1) Rational for questions and sequence

2) Describe any questions/inquiry based on literature reviewed

Memo Six should describe the interview schedule with questions

V. Researcher/Interviewer In the Field

1) Give thought to how you will present yourself.

2) Materials and equipment needed for interview

3) Roles**

a. Learner (Possibility of getting taught)

Set aside assumptions that you know what participant means when they tell you something. Seek

explanations, probe, and new patterns

In personal relationships one facilitates by making assumptions

E.g., Nurses talking to each other assume a shared reality

b. Analytical

Consider relationships, meaning, explanation and novelty

b. Reassuring

In the beginning when interview is scheduled. May view questions as testing. Sensitive to educational

level and adjust vocabulary.

Participants may not know, not remember or have no idea and thus reassurance is offered. E.g. this is

very helpful……

c. Gratitude

Take time for gratitude and any other informal conversation that seems appropriate. Send notes of

appreciation. May raise reassurance and reflection.

d. Reflexivity

Awareness of self in the situation of action and the role in constructing that situation***

e. Subjectivity

In some research, subjectivity is seen as bias and must be controlled

Tract the subjectivity and become aware of perceptions (point of view.)*

Identities such as race, gender, age and physical abilities

Memo Seven should be about your thoughts about the interview process and how you will prepare

yourself for this task.

VI. Conduct Interview (Pilot Study) Memo of the experience of the interview including pre and post

time periods. Submit taped interview and transcription. Memo Eight should include a description of

the interview, your critique of the interview, what worked and what did not

VII. Data Analysis (Discussion of Coding in Class) Memo Nine should be a summary of your findings.

Code themes/patterns/concepts. Discussion

*Glesne, C. (2016). Becoming qualitative researchers. (5th Ed). New York: Pearson

**Strauss, A., Corbin, J. (1991). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and

techniques. New Berry Park, California: Sage

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